Food Fraud

Food fraud-Food Fraud – is an illegal and intentional  deception  imposed on food for economic advantage

This emerging  food industry threat can express as  counterfeiting, simulation, theft , adulteration , tampering and unauthorized production,  all of which are deliberate

Delay in shipment through the ports, lack of facility for on-site detection of contaminants, expensive route of commodity analyses are a few challenges that open the window of short cuts to exporters

A way out is to carry out product authentication and integrity testing, monitoring and ensurance of compliance to standard through a rejig of the extension departments, and criminal prosecution  for offending corporate leaders. All these  will reduce fraud opportunity

In spite of the launching in 2016 of the’ Zero reject’ initiative through the validation of strategy for a single management control system.  The then Minister Chief Audu Ogbeh agreed that Nigeria has  not paid serious attention to  the issue of non compliance with food safety standard. This was at the peak of the ban on exported dried beans to the EU due to pesticide levels above the acceptable limit. On this particular issue, a meeting of the stakeholders was held in 2019 to review the ban.Till date, no concrete statement lifting the ban has come from relevant offices, and the 2019 date is silently shifting to 2020 and perhaps beyond.

Such a situation encourages  self help   and  food fraud !!!


Dele Fapohunda

Food safety activist

15 March 2020


Are you a manufacturer or distributor of hand held multi parameter analytical equipment in the food or water industry ?

Do you want an outpost in Nigeria ?

Do you seek productive partnership with entrepreneurs with some expertise in these areas ?

Are you sure your products can compete robustly with those already in the market ?

For these and other relationships  please contact


April 2020


Are you a  manufacturer of odor management materials ?

Do you intend to have an outpost in Africa ?

Are your products competitive with others already in the market, both in price and standard ?

Do you intend establishment of the plant in Nigeria in the future ?

Please contact us at ===

Rhizucor Nig Ltd





Good luck


*European pesticide giants are making huge profits at the cost of human
rights. About 200,000 people die every year due to poisoning from
pesticides. The major part of these deaths occur in the Global South. This
has to stop now!*

Dr. Thilo Bode Director of foodwatch International

Full report (17 pages)

*Related PAEPARD blogpost:*
The Food Challenge: toxic pesticides in Kenya
Concerns have been raised
<> about
the safety of food in Kenya. In particular, the increased prevalence of
harmful chemical pesticides.



Dele Fapohunda

21 April, 2020

Source  ==PAEPARD


Nominations for the current edition of Africa Food prize is still on . Interested participants can visit




More than half of the 135 million food insecure people of the world are in Africa, so says the Global Network Against Food Crises in a report released today,21 April 2020. The affected population in Africa is put at 73 million, raising a serious scare and scandal !!!

Please read on:

Four years ago, the EU, FAO and WFP created the Global Network Against Food Crises. Together with its partners, the Global Network – an international alliance working to address the root causes of extreme hunger – released the latest figures on how many people are facing acute hunger and malnutrition in crisis prone countries, in a new edition of its annual report, the Global Report on Food Crises.

Alongside the report, Network’s partners issued a statement outlining their collective commitment to respond to multiplying food crises across the globe that are now being compounded by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as their plan to protect and strengthen food systems in the post-pandemic world. The 4th Global Reporton Food Crises gives consensual, evidenced-based information on food crises. The report and supporting messages and contents are made available via a digital campaign under the hashtag:

Source= Francois Stepman,  Paepard

21 April, 2020


Recalls and Outbreaks


Recent Recalls

Real-time notices of recalls and alerts from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are listed in the widget. Click on items within the widget for more information on a specific recall or alert.

If the product details in the recall notice match the details on the food product you have at home, do not open or consume the product. Instead, do one of the following:

  • Return the product to the place of purchase for a refund.
  • Dispose of the product following the instructions provided in the recall notice to make sure no one will consume it.

Use the recalls widget on your website to notify your users about the latest food safety recalls and alerts. Click on the “Embed” button and copy and paste the code in your web page. When new alerts and recalls are issued, the widget will be automatically updated.

Food Safety Recalls

What is a Food Recall?

A food recall is when a food producer takes a product off the market because there is reason to believe that it may cause consumers to become ill. In some situations, government agencies may request a food recall. Food recalls may happen for many reasons, including but not limited to:

  • Discovery of organisms, including bacteria such as Salmonella or parasites such as Cyclospora.
  • Discovery of foreign objects such as broken glass or metal.
  • Discovery of a major allergen that does not appear on the product label.

What to Do with a Recalled Product

A food product that has been recalled due to a possible germ contamination or illness, can leave germs around your kitchen and contaminate surfaces, including the drawers and shelves in your refrigerator.

If you’ve already prepared a recalled food item in your kitchen or still have it in your refrigerator, it’s important to throw out the food and clean your kitchen.

  • Wash all cookware and utensils (including cutting boards) with hot soapy water.
  • Clear off counters and refrigerator drawers and shelves and wash them with hot soapy water.
  • Then wipe any surfaces, shelves, or drawers and rinse dishes and cookware with a sanitizing solution and let them air dry. You can use a diluted bleach solution (1 TBSP unscented, liquid chlorine bleach in 1 gallon of water).
  • Products recalled due to an undeclared allergen may be a risk for anyone in your household with an allergy to that substance. If the product has never been served, throw it away or return it for a refund. If the product has been served, wash with soap and water any surfaces – plates, pots and pans, utensils, and counters – with which the product may have had contact.

Learn more about how to clean your refrigerator because of a food recall.


Recent Outbreaks

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posts food safety alerts and investigation notices for multistate foodborne disease outbreaks. Click on the link below for a list of the latest outbreaks.

CDC Multistate Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

What Is an Outbreak?

A foodborne outbreak occurs when two or more people get the same illness from the same contaminated food or drink. When an outbreak is detected, public health and regulatory officials work quickly to collect as much information as possible to find out what is causing it so they can take action to prevent more people from getting sick. This action includes warning the public when there is clear and convincing information linking illness to a contaminated food. Federal, state and local officials may investigate an outbreak, depending on how widespread it is.


Separate government agencies are responsible for protecting different segments of the food supply. Click on an agency’s page below to see more information on recalls and outbreaks. Your state or local public health agency may also list state-specific recalls and outbreak alerts on their websites.

CDC Foodborne Outbreaks

FDA Recalls, Outbreaks & Emergencies

01 April, 2020


The second World Food Safety Day (WFSD) will be celebrated on 7 June 2020 to draw attention and inspire action to help prevent, detect and manage food borne risks, contributing to food security, human health, economic prosperity, agriculture, market access, tourism and sustainable development.

Following the success of the first celebration in 2019, this year again WFSD reinforces the call to strengthen commitment to scale up food safety made by the Addis Ababa Conference and the Geneva Forum in 2019 under the umbrella of “The Future of Food Safety”.  WHO, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is pleased to facilitate Member States efforts to celebrate the World Food Safety Day.

Under the theme “Food safety, everyone’s business”, the action oriented campaign will promote global food safety awareness and call upon countries and decision makers, the private sector, civil society, UN organizations and the general public to take action.

Food safety is a shared responsibility between governments, producers and consumers.  Everybody has a role to play from farm to table to ensure the food we consume is safe and will not cause damages to our health.  Through the World Food Safety Day, WHO pursues its efforts to mainstream food safety in the public agenda and reduce the burden of foodborne diseases globally

Calls to action

1 – Ensure it’s safe – Government must ensure safe and nutritious food for all

2 – Grow it safe – Agriculture and food producers need to adopt good practices

3 – Keep it safe – Business operators must make sure food is safe

4 – Eat it safe: All consumers have a right to safe, healthy and nutritious food

5 – Team up for safety – Food Safety is a shared responsibility


Joint FAO/WHO World Food Safety Day Campaign page


01 April 2020

FAO DG: Don’t let Covid-19 become hunger game

  • We must face the challenge: an enormous risk that food may not be made available where it is needed (Photo: Bernard Hermant)

The Covid-19 pandemic is putting enormous strains on the public health systems around the world, and millions of people in the world’s most advanced economies are in some form of quarantine.

We know the human toll will be high, and that massive efforts to turn the tide carry a heavy economic cost.

To reduce the risk of an even greater toll – shortage of food for millions, even in affluent countries – the world must take immediate actions to minimise disruptions to food supply chains.

A globally coordinated and coherent response is needed to prevent this public health crisis from triggering a food crisis in which people cannot find or afford food.

For now, Covid-19 has not entailed any strain on food security, despite anecdotal reports of crowded supermarket sieges.

While there’s no need for panic – there is enough supply of food in the world to feed everyone – we must face the challenge: an enormous risk that food may not be made available where it is needed.

The Covid-19 outbreak, with all the accompanying closures and lockdowns, has created logistical bottlenecks that ricochet across the long value chains of the modern global economy.

Restrictions of movement, as well as basic aversion behaviour by workers, may impede farmers from farming and food processors (who handle most agricultural products) from processing.

Shortage of fertilisers, veterinary medicines and other input could also affect agricultural production.

From Manhattan to Manila

Closures of restaurants and less frequent grocery shopping diminish demand for fresh produce and fisheries products, affecting producers and suppliers, especially smallholder farmers, with long-term consequences for the world’s increasingly urbanised population, be they in Manhattan or Manila.

Uncertainty about food availability can induce policymakers to implement trade restrictive measures in order to safeguard national food security.

Given the experience of the 2007-2008 global food price crisis, we know that such measures can only exacerbate the situation.

Export restrictions put in place by exporting countries to increase food availability domestically could lead to serious disruptions in the world food market, resulting in price spikes and increased price volatility.

In 2007-2008, these immediate measures proved extremely damaging, especially for low income food deficit countries and to the efforts of humanitarian organisations to procure supplies for the needy and vulnerable.

We should all learn from our recent past and not make the same mistakes twice.

Policy makers must take care to avoid accidentally tightening food-supply conditions.

While every country faces its own challenges, collaboration – between governments and the full gamut of sectors and stakeholders – is paramount. We are experiencing a global problem that requires a global response.

We must ensure that food markets are functioning properly and that information on prices, production, consumption and stocks of food is available to all in real time.

This approach will reduce uncertainty and allow producers, consumers, traders and processors to make informed decisions and to contain unwarranted panic behaviour in global food markets.

The health impacts of the unfolding Covid-19 pandemic on some of the poorest countries are still unknown. Yet, we can say with certainty that any ensuing food crisis as a result of poor policy making will be a humanitarian disaster that we can avert.

We already have 113 million people experiencing acute hunger; in sub-Saharan Africa, a quarter of the population is undernourished. Any disruptions to food supply chains will intensify both human suffering and the challenge of reducing hunger around the world.

We must do everything possible to not let that happen. Prevention costs less.

Global markets are critical for smoothening supply and demand shocks across countries and regions, and we need to work together to ensure that disruptions of food supply chains are minimised as much as possible.

Covid-19 forcefully reminds us that solidarity is not charity, but common sense.

Author bio

QU Dongyu is the director-general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.